Lucien Clergue

Les fantastiques nus du photographe Lucien Clergue

Publié le 01 Août 2014 par

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1934 – Lucien Clergue was born in Arles, France, on August 14th. He starts to learn the violin at 7 years old.

1944 – He is very affected by the War, his house is entirely destroyed by the bombs.

1949 – His mother offers him a camera.

1952 – His mother dies. He stops studying and starts working at the factory.

1953 – He meets Pablo Picasso in Arles. Trip to Spain. His first photographs are published in the daily local newspaper Le Provençal.

1954 – He discovers the world of theatre and actors which he loves with Jean Vilar at the Festival d’Avignon, France. He takes photographs of The death of Julius Cesar, from the play by Shakespeare directed by Jean Renoir in Arles amphitheatre. During eight months he shoots the series Saltimbanques in the ruins of Arles.

1955 – He visits Picasso in his studio in Cannes. Series on death animals. He discovers the flamenco guitar player Manitas de Plata in Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer, France.

1956 – He meets the poet and film director Jean Cocteau. First nudes on the beach in the Camargue.

1957 – Max Ernst who was introduce by Jean Cocteau becomes his first collector with the purchase of Flamants morts dans les sables (Dead Flamingoes in the sand).

1959 – He quits the factory to become an independant photographer. Jean Cocteau invites him on the set of his last movie, Le Testament d’Orphée in les Baux-de-Provence, France.

1960 – Edward Steichen purchase nine photographs for the photo collection of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, USA.

1961 – Edward Steichen invites him to be part of the exhibition Diogenes with a camera N° 5 at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York. Marcel Breuer offers him his Rolleiflex camera. He meets Alexei Brodovitch, W. Eugene Smith, Robert Frank and Grace Mayer.

1963 – Wedding with Yolande Wartel. Birth of his first daughter Anne. Goes to Chandigarh, India to take photographs. Designs a collection of scarves for Givenchy, Paris, France.

1965 – He works in the marshes in the Camargue. Meeting with the poet Saint John Perse.

Advisor for the creation of the photo department of the Musée Réattu, Arles, France.

1966 – Prix Louis Lumière for Le Drame du taureau, short film in black and white. Birth of Olivia, his second daughter, Picasso will be her godfather.

1968 – Film director for Picasso, War, Love and Peace for the series Museum without Walls, Universal Pictures. His movie Delta de sel (1967) is presented at the Cannes Film Festival and nominated for an Oscar.

1969 – Picasso invites him to film his studio in Mougins. He becomes artistic director of Arles Festival, and creates “les Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie” with Jean-Maurice Rouquette and the writer Michel Tournier.

1970 – First nudes in the forest. First year of the photo projections of the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie, Arles.

1971 – World tour in 55 days. Meeting with Ansel Adams in Carmel, first photographs in Point Lobos.

1972 – Designer for the setting of the ballet Orlando Furioso presented at the theatre la Fenice, Venezia, Italy.

1973 – He is very affected by the death of Picasso.

1974 – He invites Ansel Adams to the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie in Arles, Ansel Adams invites him to a workshop in the USA . He is elected as a member of the Académie d’Arles. He teaches at the University of Provence in Marseille and gives a lecture in Scandinavia. Meeting with Aleksandras Macijauskas in Leningrad, goes to Varsaw and Prague meeting with Josef Sudek et Jan Saudek.

1975 – First Urban Nude series in Paris and New York. He starts to shoot in color. The series « Langage des Sables » Language of the Sand is purchased by the Centre National d’Art Contemporain (CNAC) for the photo collection of Centre Pompidou, Paris, France.

1976 – He becomes the artistic director of the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie, Arles.

1977 – Death of his father. Continues the series Urban Nude in the US and Canada.

1978 – Trips to Japan and Mexico. Teaches photography in Germany.

1979 – Becomes a doctor in photography with « Langage des Sables » at the University of Provence, Marseille, France in front of Roland Barthes. There is no text neither words, images only.

1980 – First nudes in the American desert. Decorated Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Mérite.

1981 – First photographs in Death Valley. First photographs with a Polaroïd. Lecture on Picasso at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, for the celebration of his 100th birthday.

1982 – The first School of Photography opens sin Arles, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de la Photographie (ENSP). He will be appointed as a teacher until 1999.

1983 – Invited by the Musée Unterlinden in Colmar, France to work on the Retable d’Issenheim by Grünewald. Artistic director of the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie, Arles. Invited as a teacher for the last workshop by Ansel Adams in Carmel.

1984 –Works with Polaroïd SX 70 and compose collages. Photographs at White Sand National Monument, New Mexico.

1985 – First photographs with a large Polaroïd  (20 x 24 inches) in Boston.

1986- Polaroïd (20×24 inches) at studio Polaroïd in New York.

Nudes at White Sand National Monument, New Mexico.

1987 – Works with Image System Polaroïd. Works with Paul Jenkins and Karel Appel for their ballets presented in Paris, salle Favart.

1988 – « Collectors Photography » publish his works with Polaroïd. Teacher in Boca Raton, (Florida) and Toledo, (Ohio).

1989 – Invited to the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie, Arles.

1990 – Trip to Lithuania, meeting with photographers from Vilnius and Kaunas. Trip to Egypt, exhibition in Alexandria. First double exposure photographs in color “bullfights-nudes” (Florida). Trip to Japan. He is the first teacher to be invited to the University of Osaka, Japan.

1991 – Invited as a teacher in North and South America. Exhibitions in New York, Boca Raton, Miami, Caracas, Sao Paolo and in Venezuela. He shoots at the Egyptian department at the Metropolitan Museum in New York for his double exposures series. Curator for a Tina Modotti/ Edward Weston exhibition at the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie in Arles.

1992 – Trip to Taiwan.

1993 – Creation of a show with French pianist Stephan Kochoyan “Jazz y Toros” at Théatre de Nîmes and Théatre Antique in Arles for the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie, Arles, in Bayonne and Béziers, France.

1994 – Artistic director of the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie in Arles. Enters in the collections of Maison Européenne de la Photographie (MEP), Paris.

1995 – The Swiss collector Charlotte Reber donates 450 works by Lucien Clergue to Harvard University, Cambridge, USA.

1996 – Lecture at Harvard University, Cambridge, USA for the Reber donation. World Press Photo in Amsterdam.

1997 – Shoots the nude series in color and double exposure. Shoots in American museums and at Le Louvre in Paris.

1998 – The Swiss collector Marina Staehelin, donates her whole collection of Lucien Clergue photographs to several Swiss museums.

1999 – Invited at the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie in Arles.

2001 – Prohibited from entering Cuba by Fidel Castro administration because of his nude photographs.

2002 – Honored by the city of Nimes for the 50 years of the Feria at the Musée des Beaux Arts.

2006 – First photographer to be elected at the Académie des Beaux Arts, Institut de France, Paris. Opens the Eighth section dedicated to Photography. Lucien Clergue, Fifty years of photography, recent and vintage works, Louis Stern Fine Arts Gallery, West Hollywood, USA.

2007 – Introduction reception at the Institut de France October10th. Christian Lacroix designs his costume and his sword. Starts the Price of Photography of the Académie des Beaux Arts exclusively supported by F. Marc Ladreit de Lacharrière (Fimalac).

2008 – The Association Lucien Clergue en Pays d’Arles is created to develop the fame of the artist. Decorated Commandeur des Arts et Lettres.

2009- Exhibition Les Gitans et leur Prince José Reyes, Palais de l’Archevêché, Arles ; Picasso chez Cézanne, Atelier Cézanne and Cité du Livre, Aix en Provence ; Lucien Clergue, Yann Arthus Bertrand, Deux Photographes académiciens, Musée Marmottan, Paris. Lucien Clergue, The intimate Picasso, Louis Stern Fine Arts Gallery, West Hollywood, USA.

2010- Exhibition Clergue dans l’arène, 50 ans de Tauromachie, Palais de l’Archevêché, Arles.

Caochangdi Photospring Festival, Les Rencontres d’Arles, Beijing, Chine.

2011- Exhibition Lucien Clergue, Jean Cocteau et le Testament d’Orphée, Maison de la Photographie, Moscow, Russia. Clergue in America, Palais de l’Archevêché, Arles ; Le Testament d’Orphée, Musée Cocteau, Menton. Inviter at the Nordic Light Photo Festival, Kristiansund, Norvège.

2012 – Nuit de la Photographie, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Suisse.

2013 – President of the Académie des Beaux Arts, Paris.

2014 – On the occasion of his 80th birthday, lots of exhibitions are organized, in New York, Toronto, Aix-en-Provence and Arles.

60 años en las Plazas de toro, Madrid, Las Ventas.
He passed away in Nimes, on November 15th.

In 2015, he is honored by the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie, Arles. The City of Nîmes choose one of his bullfight double exposure image for the poster of the Feria 2015. “Musical Calligraphy – homage to Lucien Clergue” La Chaux-de-Fonds in Switzerland. Posthumous award by the Manuel Rivera Ortiz Foundation in Arles. The Grand Palais welcome his work with the exhibition “Lucien Clergue, Les Premiers Albums” November 14th 2015 through February15th 2016 curated by François Hébel and Christian Lacroix. The exhibition is organized by the RMN-Grand Palais in collaboration with Lucien Clergue’ Studio.

Richard Avedon Biography

“All photographs are accurate. None of them is the truth.”
– Richard Avedon
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One of the greatest photographers of the 20th century, Richard Avedon expanded the genre of photography with his surreal and provocative fashion photography as well as portraits that bared the souls of some of the most important and opaque figures in the world. Avedon was such a predominant cultural force that he inspired the classic 1957 film Funny Face, in which Fred Astaire’s character is based on Avedon’s life. While much has been and continues to be written about Avedon, he always believed that the story of his life was best told through his photographs. Avedon said, “Sometimes I think all my pictures are just pictures of me. My concern is… the human predicament; only what I consider the human predicament may simply be my own.”
American photographer Richard Avedon was best known for his work in the fashion world and for his minimalist, large-scale character-revealing portraits.

American photographer Richard Avedon was best known for his work in the fashion world and for his minimalist portraits. He worked first as a photographer for the Merchant Marines, taking identification photos. He then moved to fashion, shooting for Harper’s Bazaar and Vogue, demanding that his models convey emotion and movement, a departure from the norm of motionless fashion photography.

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Profile

Richard Avedon was born on May 15, 1923 in New York City. His mother, Anna Avedon, came from a family of dress manufacturers, and his father, Jacob Israel Avedon, owned a clothing store called Avedon’s Fifth Avenue. Inspired by his parents’ clothing businesses, as a boy Avedon took a great interest in fashion, especially enjoying photographing the clothes in his father’s store. At the age of 12, he joined the YMHA (Young Men’s Hebrew Association) Camera Club.

Avedon later described one childhood moment in particular as helping to kindle his interest in fashion photography: “One evening my father and I were walking down Fifth Avenue looking at the store windows,” he remembered. “In front of the Plaza Hotel, I saw a bald man with a camera posing a very beautiful woman against a tree. He lifted his head, adjusted her dress a little bit and took some photographs. Later, I saw the picture in Harper’s Bazaar. I didn’t understand why he’d taken her against that tree until I got to Paris a few years later: the tree in front of the Plaza had that same peeling bark you see all over the Champs-Elysees.”

Avedon attended DeWitt Clinton High School in New York City, where one of his classmates and closest friends was the great writer James Baldwin. In addition to his continued interest in fashion and photography, in high school Avedon also developed an affinity for poetry. He and Baldwin served as co-editors of the school’s prestigious literary magazine, The Magpie, and during his senior year, in 1941, Avedon was named “Poet Laureate of New York City High Schools.” After high school, Avedon enrolled at Columbia University to study philosophy and poetry. However, he dropped out after only one year to serve in the United States Merchant Marine during World War II. As a Photographer’s Mate Second Class, his main duty was taking identification portraits of sailors. Avedon served in the Merchant Marine for two years, from 1942 to 1944.

Upon leaving the Merchant Marine in 1944, Avedon attended the New School for Social Research in New York City to study photography under Alexey Brodovitch, the acclaimed art director of Harper’s Bazaar. Avedon and Brodovitch formed a close bond, and within one year Avedon was hired as a staff photographer for the magazine. After several years photographing daily life in New York City, Avedon was assigned to cover the spring and fall fashion collections in Paris. While legendary editor Carmel Snow covered the runway shows, Avedon’s task was to stage photographs of models wearing the new fashions out in the city itself. Throughout the late 1940s and early 1950s he created elegant black-and-white photographs showcasing the latest fashions in real-life settings such as Paris’s picturesque cafes, cabarets and streetcars.

Already established as one of the most talented young fashion photographers in the business, in 1955 Avedon made fashion and photography history when he staged a photo shoot at a circus. The iconic photograph of that shoot, “Dovima with Elephants,” features the most famous model of the time in a black Dior evening gown with a long white silk sash. She is posed between two elephants, her back serenely arched as she holds on to the trunk of one elephant while reaching out fondly toward the other. The image remains one of the most strikingly original and iconic fashion photographs of all time. “He asked me to do extraordinary things,” Dovima said of Avedon. “But I always knew I was going to be part of a great picture.”

Avedon served as a staff photographer for Harper’s Bazaar for 20 years, from 1945 to 1965. In addition to his fashion photography, he was also well known for his portraiture. His black-and-white portraits were remarkable for capturing the essential humanity and vulnerability lurking in such larger-than-life figures as President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Marilyn Monroe, Bob Dylan and The Beatles. During the 1960s, Avedon also expanded into more explicitly political photography. He did portraits of civil rights leaders such as Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X and Julian Bond, as well as segregationists such as Alabama Governor George Wallace, and ordinary people involved in demonstrations. In 1969, he shot a series of Vietnam War portraits that included the Chicago Seven, American soldiers and Vietnamese napalm victims.

Avedon left Harper’s Bazaar in 1965, and from 1966 to 1990 he worked as a photographer for Vogue, its chief rival among American fashion magazines. He continued to push the boundaries of fashion photography with surreal, provocative and often controversial pictures in which nudity, violence and death featured prominently. He also continued to take illuminating portraits of leading cultural and political figures, ranging from Stephen Sondheim and Toni Morrison to Hillary Clinton. In addition to his work for Vogue, Avedon was also a driving force behind photography’s emergence as a legitimate art form during the 1960s, ’70s and ’80s. In 1959 he published a book of photographs, Observations, featuring commentary by Truman Capote, and in 1964 he published Nothing Personal, another collection of photographs, with an essay by his old friend James Baldwin.

In 1974 Avedon’s photographs of his terminally ill father were featured at the Museum of Modern Art, and the next year a selection of his portraits was displayed at the Marlborough Gallery. In 1977, a retrospective collection of his photographs, “Richard Avedon: Photographs 1947-1977,” was exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art before beginning an international tour of many of the world’s most famous museums. As one of the first self-consciously artistic commercial photographers, Avedon played a large role in defining the artistic purpose and possibilities of the genre. “The moment an emotion or fact is transformed into a photograph it is no longer a fact but an opinion,” he once said. “There is no such thing as inaccuracy in a photograph. All photographs are accurate. None of them is the truth.”

Richard Avedon married a model named Dorcas Nowell in 1944, and they remained married for six years before parting ways in 1950. In 1951, he married a woman named Evelyn Franklin; they had one son, John, before they also divorced.

In 1992, Avedon became the first staff photographer in the history of The New Yorker. “I’ve photographed just about everyone in the world,” he said at the time. “But what I hope to do is photograph people of accomplishment, not celebrity, and help define the difference once again.” His last project for The New Yorker, which remained unfinished, was a portfolio entitled “Democracy” that included portraits of political leaders such as Karl Rove and John Kerry as well as ordinary citizens engaged in political and social activism.

Richard Avedon passed away on October 1, 2004, while on assignment for The New Yorker in San Antonio, Texas. He was 81 years old.

 

Famous photographers

Famous Photographers

Great photographs can elicit thoughts, feelings, and emotions when words simply will not suffice. Throughout history, there have been many important people in the field of photography who have used their cameras to catch a single moment in time to tell a story. Below is a list of the most famous photographers of all time and their contributions starting with the most important.

terry-richardsonTerry Richardson (1965)
Famous For: Modern “straight photography”
As a fashion photographer, Richardson’s work has appeared in GQ, Rolling Stone, Vanity Fair, and Vogue. He has worked advertising campaigns for famous fashion brands with likes of Aldo, Marc Jacobs, Supreme, and YSL (Yves Saint Laurent).
ansel-adams Ansel Adams (1902-1984)
Famous For: Nature and wilderness photography in black and white
The work of Ansel Adams in the world of photography set the standard on the dramatic use of black and white in capturing nature as it is. He developed a system to combine exposure and contrast in photography, giving the final product an unforgettable quality, this is known as the Zone System.
helmut-newtonHelmut Newton (1920-2004)
Famous For: Black and white fashion photography
The style of Helmut Newton has been imitated by many. His work in the field of fashion photography includes near permanent status on the covers of Vogue magazine.
diane-arbus Diane Arbus (1923-1971)
Famous For: Being the “photographer of freaks”
Diane Arbus’s photographs bordered between reality and the surreal. Her subjects included circus people, dwarfs, giants, and nudists.
Anne_GeddesAnne Geddes (1956)
Famous For: Her baby centered photographs
Australian Anne Geddes and her photographic work revolves around babies. She is a self-described “baby-freak.” Her NY Times bestseller Down in the Garden is a prime example on the miracle of babies.
Henri-Cartier-Bresson Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908-2004)
Famous For: Modern photojournalism and candid photography
Carier-Bresson used the 35mm camera format to capture candid moments, thus he is referred to as the “master of candid photography.” He is also viewed as the “father of modern photojournalism” due to the style he used the street photography style in bringing character to his subjects.
richard-avedonRichard Avedon (1923-2004)
Famous For: Being America’s leading fashion photographer
Avedon’s career began as an advertising photographer at a department store. This later led to his work being recognized that his photographs could be seen in magazines such as Life and Vogue.
DavidLaChapelle David LaChapelle (1963)
Famous For: Kitsch pop surrealism
LaChapelle’s work is mainly paying homage to “art history” and conveying a “social message”. Andy Warhol recognized the talent in a young David and gave him a job at Interview magazine.
RobertCapabyGerdaTaroRobert Capa (1913-1954)
Famous For: Combat photography
Hungarian born Robert Capa was a war time photo-journalist and photographer. He covered the Spanish Civil War, 2nd Sino-Japan War, World War 2 in Europe, the First Indo-China War, and the Arab Israeli War in 1948. In addition, he chronicled in pictures the events of WW II that include Omaha Beach in Normandy, Italy, North Africa, Paris, and London.
mario-testino Mario Testino (1954)
Famous For: Vanity Fair photoshoot of Princess Di
The career of Testino as fashion photographer is highlighted by his selection to photograph the late Princess Di for a Vanity Fair spread. Ever since, he has been used by the royal family in Britain.
Lange_dorotheaDorothea Lange (1895-1965)
Famous For: Depression Era photographs like “Migrant Mother”
As one of the earliest documentary photojournalists, Lange provided images that showed the drastic results the Great Depression had on many American families.
eward-weston Edward Weston (1886-1958)
Famous For: being “one of the most innovative and influential American photographers…”
The subjects of Edward Weston are varied, from landscapes to nudes to portraits to still life and more. His influence to American photography resonates to this day. His focus was on the American West, on the different places and on the people of that portion of the United States.
david-baileyDavid Bailey (1938)
Famous For: Swinging London a BBC documentary
Bailey’s work as a fashion photographer goes all the way back to 1960 where he worked for Vogue magazine in the UK. In 2012, along with two other photographers, the work of Bailey could be seen the BBC documentary Swinging London.
martin-parr Martin Parr (1952)
Famous For: Capturing photographs of provincial and suburban England
Parr is recognized for his images that capture life in suburban and provincial England in modern times. He is a photojournalist and photographer that documents the day to day challenges of life.
andrea-gurskyAndreas Gursky (1955)
Famous For: Rhein II, most expensive photograph in the world
Using large format photography, Gursky is a visual artist that captures landscape and architecture in color. His photograph, Rhein II, which measures 143″ x 73″, was sold in 2011 for $4.3 million, the most expensive for a photograph.
ellen-von-unwerth Ellen von Unwerth (1954)
Famous For: Her work with model Claudia Schiffer.
Model turned photographer Ellen von Unwerth has worked with the popular magazines that include Vanity Fair, Vogue, and Interview only to name a few. She specializes in “erotic femininity.”
scott-kelbyScott Kelby (1960)
Famous For: Photoshop Insider
As a photographer, Scott Kelby shares his knowledge as a publisher and author on utilizing the now popular “Adobe Photoshop” software. His books and programs are aimed for artists, design professionals, and photographers.
nigel-barker Nigel Barker (1972)
Famous For: Appearance on America’s Next Top Model
From almost a doctor to model to photographer, this was the genesis of Nigel Barkers journey into photography. His photo credits include Cover, GQ, Town and Country, and Seventeen among them. He has also appeared on reality TV shows on modelling across the globe.
eadweard-muybridgeEadweard Muybridge (1830-1904)
Famous For: The zoopraxiscope and his work on motion picture projection
Known for his Yosemite Valley landscape photographs, Muybridge pioneered the work on the study of motion pictures and “in-motion picture projection.” He also began work on what is known as animal locomotion and developed the zoopraxiscope.
allan-arbus Allan Arbus (1918-2013)
Famous For: His role in the TV series M*A*S*H
Alan Arbus began his career as a photographer for the US Army. Along with fellow photographer and wife Diane, they began an advertising photography business in New York City. His photographic works have appeared on Glamour, Harper’s Bazaar, Seventeen, Vogue and many others. He later left photography and went into acting.
cecil-beaton Cecil Beaton (1904-1980)
Famous For: Being an Academy Award winner for costume and stage design
The all around photographer, Cecil Beaton was a war, fashion, and portrait photographer. The first camera he held was a Kodak 3A, then a large format camera and eventually the compact SLR.
patrick-demarchelier Patrick Demarchelier (1943)
Famous For: Covers on Rolling Stone, Life, Newsweek and more
Demarchelier was a transplant from Paris to New York city where he began as freelance photographer, and later as a fashion photographer. Many of his campaigns include advertising work Celine, Dior, Calvin Klein, Chanel, Louis Vuitton, Ralph Lauren and YSL.
imogen-cunningham Imogen Cunningham (1883-1976)
Famous For: Botanical photography
Imogen Cunningham’s photographs of plants is unmistakable. The composition and final print style she used have “wow’d” generations past and present. She also is known for her on landscapes and nudes.
Paul-Strand Paul Strand (1890-1976)
Famous For: Establishing photography as an art form
As a photographer and filmmaker, Paul Strand’s influence spans many decades. Considered as a “modernist photographer”, the diversity of subjects seen in his photographs leave a memorable image in the viewers mind.
margaret-bourke-white Margaret Bourke-White (1904-1971)
Famous For: Work in combat zones and pictures of the Soviet Union
One of the more famous documentary photographers, Margaret is best known for being the first non-Soviet photographers to capture images of the Soviet Russia. She is also the first woman allowed to work in a combat environment.
yousuf-karsh Yousuf Karsh (1908-2002)
Famous For: Portrait of Winston Chruchill
What would famous people be without portrait photographers like Yousuf Karsh? Not famous. Among his famous portraits include Humphrey Bogart, Muhammad Ali, Grace Kelly, and of course Winston Churchill.
julia_margaret_cameron Julia Margaret Cameron (1815-1879)
Famous For: Portraits with legendary themes and Charles Darwin
One of the earliest women portrait photographers, Julia was able to capture images of people who continue to stir generations after them. She also did photographic illustrations. Those whom she captured in film include literary giants Alfred Lord Tennyson and Robert Browning, actress Ellen Terry, and scientist Charles Darwin.
alfred-eisenstaedt Alfred Eisenstaedt (1898-1995)
Famous For: Photographs related to World War 2
Working as photographer in Nazi Germany, Alfred, who happened to be a Jew, moved to the United States where he worked taking photographs of politicians and celebrities
berenice-abbott Berenice Abbott (1898-1991)
Famous For: Pictures of urban New York architecture in black and white
Berenice Abbott took advantage of the subjects surrounding her, the urban architecture of New York City. She extensively used the black and white format that allowed to help highlight some details that gave character to the photograph.
eddie-admas Eddie Adams (1933-2004)
Famous For: The execution during the Vietnam War
Serving in the US Marine Corps as a “combat photographer” during the Korean War, Adams captured images of the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) that took him thirty days to complete. His most famous work was during the Vietnam War, the execution of Nguyen Van Lem.
ECurtis Edward Curtis (1868-1952)
Famous For: Photographs of the American West
Just as any photographer does, he or she will use the environment and the people that surrounds them to be subjects of their work. This is what Curtis did with the American West and the Native American people, he captured their images.
Huynh-Cong-Ut Nick Ut (1951)
Famous For: Image of the Vietnam War, naked young girl running away from bombing
Working for the Associated Press since he was 16, Nick Ut worked in Hanoi, South Korea, and Tokyo. He received a Pulitzer for his photograph during the Vietnam War of a naked girl running towards him and away from a napalm bombing.
jerry-uelsmann Jerry Uelsmann (1934)
Famous For: Use of photo-montage
There is the work on the outside, and the work in the dark-room. This is where Uelsmann excelled bringing together “negatives” to make one unforgettable picture.
annie-leibovitz Annie Leibovitz (1949)
Famous For: Picture of John Lennon and Yoko Ono
Portrait photography as an art-form is best exemplified by Annie Leibovitz. She has had the opportunity to take pictures of celebrities like Queen Elizabeth II, Mick Jagger and the Rolling Stones, Joan Armatrading, and John Lennon.
brassai Brassaï (1899-1984)
Famous For: Images of Paris
Shadow and light, the play between the two is evident in the work of Brassai. He captured the mystique that is Paris and compiled that work in his book Paris de Nuit (Paris by Night).

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Sous le ciel de Paris

Sous le ciel de Paris

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         That Paris exists and anyone could choose to live anywhere else in the world will always be a mystery to me. -Marion Cotillard as Adriana in Woody Allen’s Midnight in Paris

         You know, I sometimes think, how is anyone ever gonna come up with a book, or a painting, or a symphony, or a sculpture that can compete with a great city. You can’t. Because you look around and every street, every boulevard, is its own special art form and when you think that in the cold, violent, meaningless universe that Paris exists, these lights. I mean come on, there’s nothing happening on Jupiter or Neptune, but from way out in space you can see these lights, the cafés, people drinking and singing. For all we know, Paris is the hottest spot in the universe. -Owen Wilson as Gil in Woody Allen’s Midnight in Paris

Sitting there, alone in a foreign country, far from my job and everyone I know, a feeling came over me. It was like remembering something I’d never known before or had always been waiting for, but I didn’t know what. Maybe it was something I’d forgotten or something I’ve been missing all my life. All I can say is that I felt, at the same time, joy and sadness. But not too much sadness, because I felt alive. Yes, alive. That was the moment I fell in love with Paris. And I felt Paris fall in love with me…

text: Drejac

Sous le ciel de Paris

S’envole une chanson
Hum Hum
Elle est née d’aujourd’hui
Dans le cœur d’un garçon
Sous le ciel de Paris
Marchent des amoureux
Hum Hum
Leur bonheur se construit
Sur un air fait pour eux

Sous le pont de Bercy
Un philosophe assis
Deux musiciens quelques badauds
Puis les gens par milliers
Sous le ciel de Paris
Jusqu’au soir vont chanter
Hum Hum
L’hymne d’un peuple épris
De sa vieille cité

Près de Notre Dame
Parfois couve un drame
Oui mais à Paname
Tout peut s’arranger
Quelques rayons
Du ciel d’été
L’accordéon
D’un marinier
L’espoir fleurit
Au ciel de Paris

 Sous le ciel de Paris

Coule un fleuve joyeux
Hum Hum
Il endort dans la nuit
Les clochards et les gueux
Sous le ciel de Paris
Les oiseaux du Bon Dieu
Hum Hum
Viennent du monde entier
Pour bavarder entre eux

Et le ciel de Paris
A son secret pour lui
Depuis vingt siècles, il est épris

De notre Ile Saint Louis
Quand elle lui sourit
Il met son habit bleu
Hum Hum
Quand il pleut sur Paris
C’est qu’il est malheureux
Quand il est trop jaloux
De ses millions d’amants
Hum Hum
Il fait gronder sur nous
Son tonnerre éclatant
Mais le ciel de Paris
N’est pas longtemps cruel
Hum Hum
Pour se fair’ pardonner
Il offre un arc en ciel.